5th UF Water Institute Symposium Abstract

Submitter's Name Seungwoo Chang
Session Name Poster Session - Climate Change & Variability
Poster Number 3
Author(s) Seungwoo Chang,  University of Florida (Presenting Author)
  Wendy Graham,  University of Florida
  Comparison of joint variable bias correction to uni-variate bias correction for use of Global Climate Model
  For assessing future climate change impact, bias correction of GCMs is necessary to reduce the gaps between modeling results and reality. Many bias correction methods have been developed for implementing GCMs in hydrologic modeling. Recently, joint variable bias correction is introduced and this method is not fully reviewed before, in this study we assessed joint variable bias correction method comparing to CDF mapping, one of most common bias correction methods, as a uni-variate bias correction. Precipitation and evapotranspiration estimated by Penman-Monteith method from NLDAS-2 (the forcing data for Phase 2 of the North American Land Data Assimilation System) were used as references and nine GCMs of CMIP5 (Coupled Model Intercomparison Phase 5) were bias corrected with CDF mapping (uni-variate bias correction) and joint variable bias correction. Joint variable bias correction was conducted with four different ways: (1) matching probability of wet-day of simulation data (GCMs) to probability of wet-day of reference data (NLDAS-2) in probability space, (2) matching probability of wet-day in physical space, (3) without consideration of matching probability of wet-day in probability space, and (4) without consideration of matching probability of wet-day in physical space. Matching probability of wet-day and bias correction in probability space reduce biases of precipitation and evapotranspiration the most among four different ways, however CDF mapping reduced biases better than joint variable bias correction. In addition, CDF mapping reproduced joint CDF of precipitation and evapotranspiration better than joint variable bias correction did.