Thrust Areas Ecosystem Water Institute Classification Level
Water, Land Use and Ecosystems Water and Climate Water and Society Water Resources Sustainability Springs Wetlands Watersheds Aquifers Lakes Coastal Zone  Water Institute Classification 1  Water Institute Classification 2  Water Institute Classification 3  Water Institute Classification 4
     

Iconic Agricultural Crops: Climate Change Impacts on Peanut, Cotton, and Corn in Georgia and Florida
Contract No:  74417
Goals and Objectives
 
Farmers are concerned about climate change, how it might affect their systems, and what they should be doing or planning in response to anticipated changes in climate. This project will make use of the IPCC AR4 climate change scenarios, downscaled to the Georgia and North Florida, to assess potential impacts on three major crops grown in these states: cotton, peanut, and corn We will work with Dr. K. Hayhoe to obtain downscaled realizations of climate change scenarios, ensuring that the most appropriate IPCC models and methods are used. The downscaled climate scenarios will be used to simulate changes in productivity and irrigation requirements for the three crops, and it will include adaptation options that farmers would likely use as climate changes. The DSSAT Cropping System Model will be used to simulate all combinations of climate scenarios, locations, soils, and management options, with and without irrigation, and with and without direct CO2 effects on photosynthesis to evaluate changes in yield and water requirements. This model has been widely tested in Georgia and Florida, and it was recently improved to incorporate the latest knowledge about CO2 responses of the different crops. Prior to the analysis, a summary of prior model evaluations in these states will be prepared to establish its utility for use in the climate change assessments. Simulated yield and irrigation requirements will be analyzed and summarized in maps, tables, graphs, and reports to discuss with stakeholders and to present to the granting agency. Stakeholder meetings will be used to engage them in the analyses and to learn from them what information they need to better prepare for climate change and how much adaptation may cost them, or if it is even possible. The work will build on the considerable experience of the Southeast Climate Consortium (SECC), making use of the tools and methods developed by this program and used for assessment of climate risk in agriculture.
 
Planned Outputs
1. Educational and training material for informing stakeholders about climate change scenarios, how these were determined, and how they compare with historical climate trends in our region.
2. Simulations of baseline climate and crop production, demonstrating the abilities of the models to simulate effects of climate variability from past experiments. A summary report will be prepared to document these baseline capabilities.
3. Summarized simulated results.
4. Maps of yield and irrigation demand differences in each scenario compared with current, baseline climate conditions.
5. Assessment of adaptation potential with comparisons of yields and management changes that may be used for adaptation.
6. Report that interprets the results in a critical way relative to prior research, and gives implications of these results.
 
Available Outputs

Title: Iconic Agricultural Crops: Climate Change Impacts on Peanut, Cotton and Corn in Georgia and Florida Final Project Report
Authors: Jones, J.W., K.J. Boote, W-L. Bartels, G. Baigorria, G. Hoogenboom, K. Hayhoe
Project Lead
Jones, James
 
Project Participants
Jones, James
 
Additional Participants
Guillermo Biagorria
Kenneth J. Boote
Clyde Fraisse
Gerrit Hoogenboom
Keith Ingram
Vasu Misra, FSU
Joel Paz
Carla Roncoli
 
WIClassLevel: 
Level 1: WI Affiliated Faculty Project
 
ThrustArea: 
Water and Climate
 
Partner Name(s)
Florida State University
University of Georgia
 
Sponsor
BIPARTISAN POLICY CENTER
 
Grant Award Dates
8/1/2009 to 12/31/2012