Thrust Areas Ecosystem Water Institute Classification Level
Water, Land Use and Ecosystems Water and Climate Water and Society Water Resources Sustainability Springs Wetlands Watersheds Aquifers Lakes Coastal Zone  Water Institute Classification 1  Water Institute Classification 2  Water Institute Classification 3  Water Institute Classification 4
     

Development of a Computer Model to Design Vegetative Filter Strips as a Best Management Practice to Total Maximum Daily Loads to Reduce Contaminant Transport by Runoff from Disturbed Lands
Contract No:  40520
Goals and Objectives
 
This project was conducted within regional project CSREES S-1004. The model and additional information can be found at the VFSMOD-W site. VFSMOD-W is a complete design-oriented computer modeling system (VFSMOD-W). The MS-Windows32 graphical user interface (GUI) integrates the numerical model VFSMOD, a utility to generate source (upslope) disturbed area inputs for the model based on readily available NRCS site characteristics (UH), and uncertainty, analysis of sensitivity and design menu-driven components. VFSMOD, the core of the modeling system, is a computer simulation model created to study hydrology and sediment transport through vegetative filter strips (VFS). This model formulation effectively handles complex sets of inputs similar to those found in natural events. The design objective implemented in VFSMOD-W is to find optimal constructive characteristics (length, slope, vegetation) of a VFS to reduce the outflow of sediment from a given disturbed area (soil, crop, area, management practices, design storm with desired return period) to achieve a certain reduction in % sediment (i.e., that for TMDLs).
 
Planned Outputs
A Normalized Design Procedure to Meet Sediment TMDL with Vegtative Filter Strips
Computer Software and Documentation
Journal Articles
 
Available Outputs

Title: Apatite control of phosphorus release to runoff from soils of phosphate mine reclamation areas. Water, Air, and Soil Pollution 202 (1-4): 189-198.
Authors: Kuo, Y-M., W.G. Harris, R. Muñoz-Carpena, R.D. Rhue, Y. Li

Title: Design Procedure to Meet Sediment TMDL with Vegetative Filter Strips. Power Point presentation.
Authors: Muñoz-Carpena, R.

Title: Dissertation: Modeling runoff pollutant dynamics through vegetative filter strips: a flexible numerical approach
Authors: Perez-Ovilla, O.

Title: GLOBAL SENSITIVITY AND UNCERTAINTY ANALYSES OF THE WATER QUALITY MODEL VFSMOD‐W. Transactions of the ASABE. 50(5):1719-1732.
Authors: Muñoz-Carpena, R, Z. Zajac, Y.M. Kuo

Title: Influence of flow concentration on parameter importance and prediction uncertainty of pesticide trapping by vegetative filter strips. Journal of Hydrol 384(1-2): 164-173.
Authors: Fox, G.A., Muñoz-Carpena, R. and G.J. Sabbagh

Title: Modeling hydrology and sediment transport in vegetative filter strips. Journal of Hydrol 214:111-129.
Authors: Munoz-Carpena, R., Parsons, J.E. and J.W. Gilliam

Title: Revised Framework for Pesticide Aquatic Environmental Exposure Assessment that Accounts for Vegetative Filter Strips. Environ. Sci. Technol. 44(10):3839-3845.
Authors: Sabbagh, G.J., Fox, G.A., Muñoz-Carpena, R. and M.F. Lenz

Title: Simplified modeling of phosphorus removal by vegetative filter strips to control runoff pollution from phosphate mining areas. Journ Hydrol 378:343-354.
Authors: Kuo, Y.M. and R. Muñoz-Carpena

Title: VFSMOD-W: Vegetative Filter Strip Modeling System
Authors: Muñoz-Carpena, R. and John E. Parsons
Project Lead
Munoz-Carpena, Rafael
 
Project Participants
Munoz-Carpena, Rafael
 
Additional Participants
John Parsons (NCSU - Raleigh)
 
EcoSystem:
Watersheds
 
WIClassLevel: 
Level 1: WI Affiliated Faculty Project
 
ThrustArea: 
Water, Land Use and Ecosystems
 
Sponsor
FL DEPT OF ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECT
 
Grant Award Dates
2/15/2004 to 3/21/2007