Thrust Areas Ecosystem Water Institute Classification Level
Water, Land Use and Ecosystems Water and Climate Water and Society Water Resources Sustainability Springs Wetlands Watersheds Aquifers Lakes Coastal Zone  Water Institute Classification 1  Water Institute Classification 2  Water Institute Classification 3  Water Institute Classification 4

Optimal Toliet Retrofit Program Evaluation: Optimization and Reliability of Selected Indoor Water Conservation Retrofits
Goals and Objectives
To assist water managers and utilities develop regional water supply plans based on parcel-level data to create a basis for bottom up assessment, best management practice options are evaluated including the retrofitting of toilets, replacing old toilets with high water efficiency ones. Prior to 1983, typical toilets used 5 gallons per flush. After 1994 the national plumbing code standard was 1.6 gallons per flush.
Available Outputs

Title: Masters Thesis: Evaluation of indoor urban water use and water loss management as conservation options in Florida
Authors: Friedman, K.R.

Title: Water demand management optimization methodology. 2011. American Water Works Association 103(9): 74-84.
Authors: Friedman, K., J.P. Heaney, M. Morales, J. Palenchar
Project Lead
Heaney, James
Project Participants
Heaney, James
Additional Participants
K.R. Friedman
M.A. Morales
J. Palenchar
Water Resources Sustainability
Grant Award Dates
3/31/2011 to 3/30/2014